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Composition of the Electorate
Reducing Disparities in America's Electorate
Low-income and minority citizens—both significant portions of the American population—are historically alienated from the electoral process. As a result, the proportion of the U.S. population that registers to vote and that does vote is highly skewed towards Whites, the educated and the wealthy.

These disparities in the electorate weaken our democracy and skew the national agenda by excluding from major public policy decisions the voices of the least powerful and most vulnerable citizens.

Project Vote works to close these gaps by encouraging voter participation among young people, and low-income citizens, minority groups and to eliminate unfair barriers to voter registration and participation.


Additional Resources



Representational Bias in the 2012 Electorate

A new report examining registration and voting rates in every presidential election in the 21st century. The report examines participation for different demographic groups—according to race and ethnicity, age, gender, income, education, and other factors—to determine the ways in which the American electorate is becoming more or less representative of the citizen population.  

Reports on the U.S. Electorate

Representational Bias in the 2012 Electrorate. Vanessa M. Perez, January 2015

Research Memo: First-Time Voters in the 2008 Election. Lorraine C. Minnite, April 2011.

An Analysis of Who Voted (and Who Didn't Vote) in the 2010 Election. Lorraine C. Minnite and Jody Herman. November 2010.

Research Memo: Debunking the Tea Party’s Election Night Message. Lorraine Minnite, Ph.D. October 26, 2010.

Representational Bias in the 2008 Electorate. November 2009.

The Demographics of Voters in America's 2008 General Election: A Preliminary Assessment. November 2008.

Representational Bias in the 2006 Electorate. October 2007.

Reports on State Electorates











Voting Matters Blog: Electorate Composition.


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